1 February 2012 Integration of nanostructures and waveguide core for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy: a novel excitation method
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Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) allows the intensity of Raman scattering to be enhanced by a factor of 106 by placing molecules within a few nm of a rough metal surface. In this paper we investigate a completely different configuration for the excitation mechanism, incorporating an optical waveguide beneath a nano-structured precious metal surface. The pyramidal geometry projects the Plasmon field into free space, thus increasing the cross section of interaction between the analyte molecules and optical fields, thereby increasing device sensitivity. In this arrangement the excitation field comes from underneath and enters the nanostructures at the base. This allows the emission to reach the discrete sensing areas effectively and provides ideal parameters for maximum Raman interactions. Using FDTD modeling methods the waveguide coupled SERS nanostructures were analyzed and its performance at different gold thicknesses was determined. The model investigates efficiency of coupling between the waveguide and surface plasmons, but also investigates spatial localization around sharp features of the geometry. Thin films of aluminum oxide and silicon oxynitride were reactively sputtered and characterized to determine their suitability as the waveguide core material. It was found that silicon oxynitride slab waveguide losses were too high to be considered as the core. The 2D and 3D simulations were based on an aluminum oxide core.
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S. J. Pearce, S. J. Pearce, M. D. B. Charlton, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Pollard, M. E. Pollard, S. Oo, S. Oo, R. Chen, R. Chen, } "Integration of nanostructures and waveguide core for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy: a novel excitation method", Proc. SPIE 8264, Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XVI, 826412 (1 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.910476; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.910476

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