2 February 2012 Aspects of short-range interconnect packaging
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Proceedings Volume 8267, Optoelectronic Interconnects XII; 82670S (2012) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.914612
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2012, San Francisco, California, United States
In short-range interconnect applications, one question arises frequently: When should optical solutions be chosen over electrical wiring? The answer to this question of course depends on several factors like costs, performance, reliability, availability of testing equipment and knowledge about optical technologies, and last but not least, it strongly depends on the application itself. Networking in high performance computing (HPC) is one such example. With bit rates around 10 Gbit/s per channel and cable length above 2 m, the high attenuation of electrical cables leads to a clear preference of optical or active optical cables (AOC) for most planned HPC systems. For AOCs, the electro-optical conversion is realized inside the connector housing, while for purely optical cables, the conversion is done at the edge of the board. Proceeding to 25 Gbit/s and higher, attenuation and loss of signal quality become critical. Therefore, either significantly more effort has to be spent on the electrical side, or the package for conversion has to be integrated closer to the chip, thus requiring new packaging technologies. The paper provides a state of the art overview of packaging concepts for short range interconnects, it describes the main challenges of optical package integration and illustrates new concepts and trends in this research area.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Denis Wohlfeld, Denis Wohlfeld, Karl-Heinz Brenner, Karl-Heinz Brenner, } "Aspects of short-range interconnect packaging", Proc. SPIE 8267, Optoelectronic Interconnects XII, 82670S (2 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.914612; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.914612

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