20 January 2012 Angle-resolved scattering spectroscopy of explosives using an external cavity quantum cascade laser
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We present a study of the spectral and angular dependence of the diffuse scatter of mid-infrared (MIR) laser light from explosives residues on surfaces. Experiments were performed using an external cavity quantum cascade laser (ECQCL) tunable between 7 and 8 μm (1270 to 1400 cm-1) for surface illumination. A mercury cadmium telluride (MCT) detector was used to detect backscattered spectra as a function of surface angle at a 2 meter standoff. A ferroelectric focal plane array was used to build hyperspectral images at a 0.5 meter standoff. Residues of RDX, tetryl, and TNT were investigated on surfaces including a painted car door for angles between zero (specular) and 50 degrees. We observe spectral signatures of the explosives in the diffuse scattering geometry which differ significantly from those observed in transmission geometries. Characterization of the scattered light spectra of explosives on surfaces will be essential for understanding the performance of standoff explosives detection instruments and developing robust spectral analysis techniques.
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Jonathan D. Suter, Jonathan D. Suter, Bruce E. Bernacki, Bruce E. Bernacki, Mark C. Phillips, Mark C. Phillips, "Angle-resolved scattering spectroscopy of explosives using an external cavity quantum cascade laser", Proc. SPIE 8268, Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices IX, 82681O (20 January 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.908653; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.908653

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