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7 February 2012 Reliability study of 1060nm 25Gbps VCSEL in terms of high speed modulation
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Abstract
Furukawa's 1060nm VCSELs with double-intra-cavity structure and Al-free InGaAs/GaAs QWs enable us to realize low power consumption, high speed operation and high reliability simultaneously. The power dissipation was as low as 140fJ/bit. Clear eye opening up to 20Gbps was achieved. Random failure rate and wear-out lifetime were evaluated as 30FIT/channel and 300 years. For higher speed operation, thickness of oxidation layer was increased for lower parasitic capacitance of device. Preliminary reliability test was performed on those devices. In high speed operation faster than 10Gbps, conventional lifetime definition as 2dB down of output power is not sufficient due to smaller margin of modulation characteristics. We suggest threshold current as a barometer for degradation of modulation characteristics. The threshold currents of our VCSELs degrade small enough during accelerated aging test. We also observed no remarkable change in 25Gbps eye diagram after aging test. The definition of life time for high speed VCSEL is discussed from the change in threshold current and so on in addition to the conventional power degradation during aging. It is experimentally verified that our VCSELs are promising candidate for highly reliable light source including long term stable high speed operation.
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Toshihito Suzuki, Suguru Imai, Shinichi Kamiya, Koji Hiraiwa, Masaki Funabashi, Yasumasa Kawakita, Hitoshi Shimizu, Takuya Ishikawa, and Akihiko Kasukawa "Reliability study of 1060nm 25Gbps VCSEL in terms of high speed modulation", Proc. SPIE 8276, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers XVI, 827604 (7 February 2012); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.907536
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