23 February 2012 Single lens dual-aperture 3D imaging system: color modeling
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Abstract
In an effort to miniaturize a 3D imaging system, we created two viewpoints in a single objective lens camera. This was accomplished by placing a pair of Complementary Multi-band Bandpass Filters (CMBFs) in the aperture area. Two key characteristics about the CMBFs are that the passbands are staggered so only one viewpoint is opened at a time when a light band matched to that passband is illuminated, and the passbands are positioned throughout the visible spectrum, so each viewpoint can render color by taking RGB spectral images. However, each viewpoint takes a different spectral image from the other viewpoint hence yielding a different color image relative to the other. This color mismatch in the two viewpoints could lead to color rivalry, where the human vision system fails to resolve two different colors. The difference will be closer if the number of passbands in a CMBF increases. (However, the number of passbands is constrained by cost and fabrication technique.) In this paper, simulation predicting the color mismatch is reported.
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Sam Y. Bae, Ronald Korniski, Allen Ream, Eric Fritz, Michael Shearn, "Single lens dual-aperture 3D imaging system: color modeling", Proc. SPIE 8288, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXIII, 828807 (23 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.912001; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.912001
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