17 February 2012 Apparent stereo: the Cornsweet illusion can enhance perceived depth
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Abstract
It is both a technical and an artistic challenge to depict three-dimensional content using stereo equipment and a flat two-dimensional screen. On the one hand, the content needs to fit within the limits of a given display technology and at the same time achieve a comfortable viewing experience. Given the technological advances of 3D equipment, especially the latter increases in importance. Modifications to stereo content become necessary that aim at flattening or even removing binocular disparity to adjust the 3D content to match the comfort zone in which the clash between accommodation and vergence stays acceptable. However, applying such modifications can lead to a reduction of crucial depth details. One promising direction is backwardcompatible stereo, for which the disparity is low enough that overlaid stereo pairs seem almost identical. It builds upon the Craik-O'Brien-Cornsweet effect, a visual illusion, which uses so-called Cornsweet profiles to produce a local contrast that leads to a perceived brightness increase. Similarly, Cornsweet profiles in disparity can lead to an illusion of depth. Applying them skilfully at depth discontinuities allows for a reduction of the overall disparity range to ensure a comfortable yet convincing stereo experience. The present work extends the previous idea by showing that Cornsweet profiles can also be used to enhance the 3D impression. This operation can help in regions where the disparity range was compressed, but also to emphasize parts of a scene. A user study measures the performance of backward-compatible stereo and our disparity enhancement.
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Piotr Didyk, Piotr Didyk, Tobias Ritschel, Tobias Ritschel, Elmar Eisemann, Elmar Eisemann, Karol Myszkowski, Karol Myszkowski, Hans-Peter Seidel, Hans-Peter Seidel, } "Apparent stereo: the Cornsweet illusion can enhance perceived depth", Proc. SPIE 8291, Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XVII, 82910N (17 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.907612; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.907612
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