23 January 2012 Measurement of noises and modulation transfer function of cameras used in optical-digital correlators
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Abstract
Hybrid optical-digital systems based on diffractive correlator are being actively developed. To correctly estimate application capabilities of cameras of different types in optical-digital correlation systems knowledge of modulation transfer function (MTF) and light depended temporal and spatial noises is required. The method for measurement of 2D MTF is presented. The method based on random target method but instead of a random target the specially created target with flat power spectrum is used. It allows to measure MTF without averaging 1D Fourier spectra over rows or columns as is in the random target method and to achieve all values of 2D MTF instead of just two orthogonal cross-sections. The simple method for measuring the dependence of camera temporal noise on light signal value by shooting a single scene is described. Measurements results of light and dark spatial and temporal noises of cameras are presented. Procedure for obtaining camera's light spatial noise portrait (array of PRNU values for all photo sensor pixels) is presented. Results on measurements of MTF and temporal and spatial noises for consumer photo camera, machine vision camera and videosurveillance camera are presented.
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Nikolay N. Evtikhiev, Nikolay N. Evtikhiev, Sergey N. Starikov, Sergey N. Starikov, Pavel A. Cheryomkhin, Pavel A. Cheryomkhin, Vitaly V. Krasnov, Vitaly V. Krasnov, } "Measurement of noises and modulation transfer function of cameras used in optical-digital correlators", Proc. SPIE 8301, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XXIX: Algorithms and Techniques, 830113 (23 January 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.908198; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.908198
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