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2 March 2012 Mammogram enhancement using multi-energy x-ray
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This paper proposes a new method to improve contrast of a mammogram using multi-energy x-ray (MEX) images. The x-ray attenuation differences among breast tissues increase as incident photons have lower energy. Thus an image obtained by a narrow low energy spectrum has higher contrast than a full (wide) energy spectrum image. The proposed mammogram enhancement utilizes this fact using MEX images. Lowpass data of a low energy spectrum image and high frequency components of a wide energy spectrum image are combined to have high contrast and low noise. Nonsubsampled contourlet transform (NSCT) is employed to decompose image data into multi-scale and multidirectional information. The NSCT overcomes the shortage of directions of wavelet transform by expressing smoothness along contours sufficiently. The outcome of the transform is a lowpass subband and multiple bandpass directional subbands. First, the lowpass subband coefficients of a wide energy spectrum image are substituted by those of a low energy spectrum image. Before the coefficient modification, the low energy spectrum image is processed to have high contrast and sharp details. Next, for the bandpass directional subbands, the locally adaptive bivariate shrinkage of contourlet coefficients is applied to suppress noise. The bivariate shrinkage function exploits interscale dependency of coefficients. Local contrast of the resultant mammogram is considerably enhanced and shows clear fibroglandular tissue structures. Experimental results illustrate that the proposed method produces a high contrast and low noise level image, as compared to the conventional mammography based on a single energy spectrum image.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jae-Hyun Kwon, Hyun-Hwa Oh, SungSu Kim, Younghun Sung, and SeungDeok Lee "Mammogram enhancement using multi-energy x-ray", Proc. SPIE 8313, Medical Imaging 2012: Physics of Medical Imaging, 83130D (2 March 2012);


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