23 February 2012 Fast vessel segmentation in retinal images using multi-scale enhancement and second-order local entropy
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Retinal vasculature is one of the most important anatomical structures in digital retinal photographs. Accurate segmentation of retinal blood vessels is an essential task in automated analysis of retinopathy. This paper presents a new and effective vessel segmentation algorithm that features computational simplicity and fast implementation. This method uses morphological pre-processing to decrease the disturbance of bright structures and lesions before vessel extraction. Next, a vessel probability map is generated by computing the eigenvalues of the second derivatives of Gaussian filtered image at multiple scales. Then, the second order local entropy thresholding is applied to segment the vessel map. Lastly, a rule-based decision step, which measures the geometric shape difference between vessels and lesions is applied to reduce false positives. The algorithm is evaluated on the low-resolution DRIVE and STARE databases and the publicly available high-resolution image database from Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg (Germany). The proposed method achieved comparable performance to state of the art unsupervised vessel segmentation methods with a competitive faster speed on the DRIVE and STARE databases. For the high resolution fundus image database, the proposed algorithm outperforms an existing approach both on performance and speed. The efficiency and robustness make the blood vessel segmentation method described here suitable for broad application in automated analysis of retinal images.
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H. Yu, H. Yu, S. Barriga, S. Barriga, C. Agurto, C. Agurto, G. Zamora, G. Zamora, W. Bauman, W. Bauman, P. Soliz, P. Soliz, } "Fast vessel segmentation in retinal images using multi-scale enhancement and second-order local entropy", Proc. SPIE 8315, Medical Imaging 2012: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 83151B (23 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.911547; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.911547

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