17 February 2012 Automatic segmentation and centroid detection of skin sensors for lung interventions
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Abstract
Electromagnetic (EM) tracking has been recognized as a valuable tool for locating the interventional devices in procedures such as lung and liver biopsy or ablation. The advantage of this technology is its real-time connection to the 3D volumetric roadmap, i.e. CT, of a patient's anatomy while the intervention is performed. EM-based guidance requires tracking of the tip of the interventional device, transforming the location of the device onto pre-operative CT images, and superimposing the device in the 3D images to assist physicians to complete the procedure more effectively. A key requirement of this data integration is to find automatically the mapping between EM and CT coordinate systems. Thus, skin fiducial sensors are attached to patients before acquiring the pre-operative CTs. Then, those sensors can be recognized in both CT and EM coordinate systems and used calculate the transformation matrix. In this paper, to enable the EM-based navigation workflow and reduce procedural preparation time, an automatic fiducial detection method is proposed to obtain the centroids of the sensors from the pre-operative CT. The approach has been applied to 13 rabbit datasets derived from an animal study and eight human images from an observation study. The numerical results show that it is a reliable and efficient method for use in EM-guided application.
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Kongkuo Lu, Kongkuo Lu, Sheng Xu, Sheng Xu, Zhong Xue, Zhong Xue, Stephen T. Wong, Stephen T. Wong, "Automatic segmentation and centroid detection of skin sensors for lung interventions", Proc. SPIE 8316, Medical Imaging 2012: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 831637 (17 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.910814; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.910814
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