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23 March 2012 A simulation study of cleaning induced EUV reflectivity loss mechanisms on mask blanks
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Abstract
It is widely recognized in the semiconductor industry that getting to defect-free extreme ultraviolet (EUV) mask blanks is critical in achieving high volume chip manufacturing yield beyond the 22 nm half-pitch node. Total defectivity of an EUV mask blank depends on the defectivity of substrate and finished mask blank. Finished mask blanks are normally subjected to a cleaning process to get rid of the loosely adhered particles on the top. This is normally done in a spin-spray mask cleaning tool using traditional mask cleaning processes. It is important that this cleaning process does not degrade the properties of the multilayer blank or introduce additional particles or pits during the process. However, standard cleaning processes used to clean multilayer blanks result in EUV reflectivity loss, loss of uniformity in reflectivity, increased roughness and adds pits and particles on mask blanks. The standard cleaning process used consists of multiple steps, each of which may cause the oxidation of Ru capping layer as well as other underlying bilayers, etching of the multilayer stack and increased roughness of the bilayers thus leading to a loss in EUV reflectivity. It is a challenging task to experimentally correlate the processing steps to the resulting damage and to quantify the reflectivity loss. Furthermore, due to the high cost of materials we have not been able to do extensive experiments to determine the root cause of problems. In this work, we have combined mask blank cleaning using standard processes, TEM cross section studies and simulations to quantify the impact of the multilayer oxidation, etching and roughness on the EUV reflectivity loss and mask blank degradation.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mihir Upadhyaya, Gregory Denbeaux, Arun John Kadaksham, Vibhu Jindal, Jenah Harris-Jones, Byunghoon Lee, and Frank Goodwin "A simulation study of cleaning induced EUV reflectivity loss mechanisms on mask blanks", Proc. SPIE 8322, Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Lithography III, 832223 (23 March 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.917972; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.917972
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