20 March 2012 CD uniformity improvement on the self-aligned spacer double-patterning process by resist material modification
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Double patterning techniques (DPT) with 193nm immersion lithography are being thought to be one of the most promising candidates for the 22nm node and beyond. Especially, self-aligned spacer double patterning (SADP) has already been established as pitch doubling process and adapted in high volume manufacturing of NAND flash memory device. Moreover, ultra fine resolution can be obtained to repeat the SADP step twice as pitch quadrupling. Simple cost effective SADP scheme which is resist core SADP process has already been demonstrated to obtain not only simple line and space patterning also trench and 2D patterning as well by Tokyo Electron LTD.[1, 2, 3] In this process, a SiO2 spacer film is being directly formed on a tri-layer resist stack. This pattern is then transferred onto an underlying spin-on carbon (SOC) film and the final pattern is resolved on the TEOS film. Roughness and verticalness of resist pattern could affect the quality of SiO2 spacer film deposition and it could determine the CD uniformity of final pattern. Therefore, it's been thought that low line-width roughness (LWR) resist pattern and vertical resist profile make a better CD contribution and uniformity on final pattern. Experimental results on SADP process will be shown and then it'll be discussed that specially designed resist materials which indicates small LWR and vertical profile could have a potential to improve CD uniformity after pitch splitting SADP process.
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Katsumi Ohmori, Katsumi Ohmori, Naoto Motoike, Naoto Motoike, Hidetami Yaegashi, Hidetami Yaegashi, Kenichi Oyama, Kenichi Oyama, "CD uniformity improvement on the self-aligned spacer double-patterning process by resist material modification", Proc. SPIE 8325, Advances in Resist Materials and Processing Technology XXIX, 83250C (20 March 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.916321; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.916321

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