13 March 2012 ZERODUR: bending strength data for tensile stress loaded support structures
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Proceedings Volume 8326, Optical Microlithography XXV; 83261Q (2012); doi: 10.1117/12.917042
Event: SPIE Advanced Lithography, 2012, San Jose, California, United States
Abstract
In the past ZERODUR® was mainly used for mirror and substrate applications, where mechanical loads were given by its own weight. Nowadays substrates become more sophisticated and subject to higher stresses as consequences of high operational accelerations or vibrations. The integrity of structures such as reticle and wafer stages e.g. must be guaranteed with low failure probability over their full intended life time. Their design requires statistically relevant strength data and information. The usual way determining the design strength employs statistical Weibull distributions obtained from a set of experimental data extrapolating the results to low acceptable failure probability values. However, in many cases this led to allowable stress values too low for the intended application. Moreover, the experimental basis has been found to be too small for reliable calculations. For these reasons measurement series on the strength of ZERODUR® have been performed with different surface conditions employing a standardized ring-on-ring test setup. The numbers of specimens per sample have been extended from about 20 to 100 or even much more. The results for surfaces ground with different diamond grain sizes D151, D64 and D25 as well as for etched surfaces are presented in this paper. Glass ceramics like all glassy materials exhibit some strength reduction when being exposed to loads above a tensile stress threshold over long time periods. The strength change of ZERODUR® with time will be discussed on the basis of known and newly determined stress corrosion data. The results for samples with large numbers of specimens contribute new aspects to the common practice of extrapolation to low failure probability, since they provide evidence for the existence of minimum strength values depending on the structures surface conditions. For ground surfaces the evidence for minimum strength values is quite obvious. For etched surfaces minimum values are to be expected also. However, here closer observation is still needed. The systematic deviations from Weibull distributions lie below about 5 % failure probability and thus could not be seen in small samples as they were common in the past.
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Tanja Bizjak, Peter Hartmann, Thomas Westerhoff, "ZERODUR: bending strength data for tensile stress loaded support structures", Proc. SPIE 8326, Optical Microlithography XXV, 83261Q (13 March 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.917042; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.917042
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KEYWORDS
Glasses

Failure analysis

Ceramics

Corrosion

Diamond

Zerodur

Surface finishing

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