6 April 2012 Percussive augmenter of rotary drills (PARoD)
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Abstract
Increasingly, NASA exploration mission objectives include sample acquisition tasks for in-situ analysis or for potential sample return to Earth. To address the requirements for samplers that could be operated at the conditions of the various bodies in the solar system, a piezoelectric actuated percussive sampling device was developed that requires low preload (as low as 10N) which is important for operation at low gravity. This device can be made as light as 400g, can be operated using low average power, and can drill rocks as hard as basalt. Significant improvement of the penetration rate was achieved by augmenting the hammering action by rotation and use of a fluted bit to provide effective cuttings removal. Generally, hammering is effective in fracturing drilled media while rotation of fluted bits is effective in cuttings removal. To benefit from these two actions, a novel configuration of a percussive mechanism was developed to produce an augmenter of rotary drills. The device was called Percussive Augmenter of Rotary Drills (PARoD). A breadboard PARoD was developed with a 6.4 mm (0.25 in) diameter bit and was demonstrated to increase the drilling rate of rotation alone by 1.5 to over 10 times. Further, a large PARoD breadboard with 50.8 mm diameter bit was developed and its tests are currently underway. This paper presents the design, analysis and preliminary test results of the percussive augmenter.
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Mircea Badescu, Mircea Badescu, Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Stewart Sherrit, Stewart Sherrit, Xiaoqi Bao, Xiaoqi Bao, Zensheu Chang, Zensheu Chang, Chris Donnelly, Chris Donnelly, Jack Aldrich, Jack Aldrich, } "Percussive augmenter of rotary drills (PARoD)", Proc. SPIE 8345, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2012, 83450J (6 April 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.914422; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.914422
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