5 April 2012 Automatic road surface defect detection from grayscale images
Author Affiliations +
Abstract
Video health monitoring of large road networks requires the repeated collection of surface images to detect the defects and their changes over time. Vehicle mounted video equipment can easily collect the data, but the amount of data that can be collected in a single day prohibits interactive or semi-automated processing schemes as they would also not be cost-effective. A new approach that is fully automated to detect road surface defects from large amounts of highresolution grayscale images is presented. The images are collected with a vehicle-mounted rear-facing 5MP video camera complemented by GPS based positioning information. Our algorithm starts by correcting the images for radial and angular distortion to get a bird's-eye view image. This results in images with known dimensions (consistent in width per pixel) which allow data to be accurately placed on geo-referenced maps. Each of the pixels in the image is labeled as crack or non-crack using a Markov Random Field (MRF) approach. The data used for testing and training are disjoint sets of images collected from the streets of Boston, MA, USA. We compare our road surface defect detection results with other techniques/algorithms described in the literature for accuracy and robustness.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Sindhu Ghanta, Ralf Birken, Jennifer Dy, "Automatic road surface defect detection from grayscale images", Proc. SPIE 8347, Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2012, 83471E (5 April 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.915347; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.915347
PROCEEDINGS
12 PAGES


SHARE
KEYWORDS
Distortion

Roads

Defect detection

Cameras

Video

Calibration

Image processing

Back to Top