4 April 2012 Finite Element model updating of a skewed highway bridge using a multi-variable sensitivity-based optimization approach
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Abstract
This paper presents the implementation of the Finite Element (FE) model updating for a skewed highway bridge using real-time sensor data. The bridge under investigation is a I-275 crossing in Wayne County, Michigan. The bridge is instrumented with a wireless sensory system to collect the vibration response of the bridge under ambient vibrations. The dynamic characteristics of the bridge have been studied through the field measurements as well as a high-fidelity FE model of the bridge. The developed finite element model of the bridge is updated with the field measured response of the bridge so that the FE computed and field measured modal characteristics of the bridge match each other closely. A comprehensive sensitivity analysis was performed to determine the structural parameters of the FE model which affect the modal frequencies and modal shapes the most. A multivariable sensitivity-based objective function is constructed to minimize the error between the experimentally measured and the FE predicted modal characteristics. The selected objective function includes information about both modal frequencies and mode shapes of the bridge. An iterative approach has been undertaken to find the optimized structural parameters of the FE model which minimizes the selected objective function. Appropriate constraints and boundary conditions are used during the optimization process to prevent non-physical solutions. The final updated FE model of the bridge provides modal results which are very consistent with the experimentally measured modal characteristics.
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Amir A. Mosavi, Hassan Sedarat, Sean M. O'Connor, Abbas Emami-Naeini, Vince Jacob, Alex Krimotat, Jerome Lynch, "Finite Element model updating of a skewed highway bridge using a multi-variable sensitivity-based optimization approach", Proc. SPIE 8347, Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2012, 834727 (4 April 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.916163; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.916163
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