31 May 2012 Compact high-efficiency linear cryocooler in single-piston moving magnet design for HOT detectors
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Abstract
State of the art Mid Wave IR-technology has the potential to rise the FPA temperature from 77K to 130-150K (High Operation Temperature, HOT). Using a HOT FPA will significantly lower SWaP and keep those parameters finally dominated by the employed cryocooler. Therefore, compact high performance cryocoolers are mandatory. AIM has developed the SX040 cooler, optimized for FPA temperatures of about 95K (presented at SPIE 2010). The SX040 cooler incorporates a high efficient dual piston driving mechanism resulting in a very compact compressor of less than 100mm length. Higher compactness - especially shorter compressors - can be achieved by change from dual to single piston design. The new SX030 compressor has such a single piston Moving Magnet driving mechanism resulting in a compressor length of about 60mm. Common for SX040 and SX030 family is a Moving Magnet driving mechanism with coils placed outside the helium vessel. In combination with high performance plastics for the piston surfaces this design enables lifetimes in excess of 20,000h MTTF. Because of the higher FPA temperature and a higher operating frequency also a new displacer needs to be developed. Based on the existing 1/4" coldfinger interface AIM developed a new displacer optimized for an FPA temperature of 140K and above. This paper gives an overview on the development of this new compact single piston cryocooler. Technical details and performance data will be shown.
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I. Rühlich, I. Rühlich, M. Mai, M. Mai, C. Rosenhagen, C. Rosenhagen, A. Withopf, A. Withopf, S. Zehner, S. Zehner, } "Compact high-efficiency linear cryocooler in single-piston moving magnet design for HOT detectors", Proc. SPIE 8353, Infrared Technology and Applications XXXVIII, 83531T (31 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.920101; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.920101
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