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31 May 2012 Nanoantenna-enabled midwave infrared focal plane arrays
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We demonstrate the effects of integrating a nanoantenna to a midwave infrared (MWIR) focal plane array (FPA). We model an antenna-coupled photodetector with a nanoantenna fabricated in close proximity to the active material of a photodetector. This proximity allows us to take advantage of the concentrated plasmonic fields of the nanoantenna. The role of the nanoantenna is to convert free-space plane waves into surface plasmons bound to a patterned metal surface. These plasmonic fields are concentrated in a small volume near the metal surface. Field concentration allows for a thinner layer of absorbing material to be used in the photodetector design and promises improvements in cutoff wavelength and dark current (higher operating temperature). While the nanoantenna concept may be applied to any active photodetector material, we chose to integrate the nanoantenna with an InAsSb photodiode. The geometry of the nanoantenna-coupled detector is optimized to give maximal carrier generation in the active region of the photodiode, and fabrication processes must be altered to accommodate the nanoantenna structure. The intensity profiles and the carrier generation rates in the photodetector active layers are determined by finite element method simulations, and iteration between optical nanoantenna simulation and detector modeling is used to optimize the device structure.
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David W. Peters, Charles M. Reinke, Paul S. Davids, John F. Klem, Darin Leonhardt, Joel R. Wendt, Jin K. Kim, and Sally Samora "Nanoantenna-enabled midwave infrared focal plane arrays", Proc. SPIE 8353, Infrared Technology and Applications XXXVIII, 83533B (31 May 2012);

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