Today, the threat perception is changing. Not only for countries but also for defence organisations like NATO, new
threat perception is pointing terrorism. Many countries' air forces become responsible of fighting against terorism or
Counter-Insurgency (COIN) Operations. Different from conventional warfare, alternative weapon or weapon systems are
required for such operatioins. In counter-terrorism operations modern fighter jets are used as well as helicopters,
subsonic jets, Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), turboprop aircraft, baloons and similar platforms. Succes and
efficiency of the use of these platforms can be determined by evaluating the conditions, the threats and the area together.
Obviously, each platform has advantages and disadvantages for different cases.
In this research, examples of turboprop aircraft usage against terrorism and with a more general approach, turboprop
aircraft for Close Air Support (CAS) missions from all around the world are reviewed. In this effort, a closer look is
taken at the countries using turboprop aircraft in CAS missions while observing the fields these aircraft are used in, type
of operations, specifications of the aircraft, cost and the maintenance factors. Thus, an idea about the convenience of
using these aircraft in such operations can be obtained. A SWOT analysis of turboprop aircraft in CAS operations is
performed. This study shows that turboprop aircraft are suitable to be used in counter-terrorism and COIN operations in
low threat environment and is cost benefical compared to jets.