8 May 2012 Radar cross section statistics of cultural clutter at Ku-band
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Knowing the statistical characteristics of the radar cross-section (RCS) of man-made, or cultural clutter, is crucial to the success of clutter mitigation, radar target detection algorithms, and radar system requirements in urban environments. Open literature studies regarding the statistical nature of cultural clutter focus primarily on radar probability models or limited experimental data analysis of specific locations and frequencies. This paper seeks to expand the existing body of work on cultural clutter RCS statistics at Ku-band for ground moving target indication (GMTI) and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) applications. We examine the normalized RCS probability distributions of cultural clutter in several urban scenes, across aspect and elevation angle, for vertical transmit/receive (VV) polarizations, and at diverse resolutions, using experimental data collected at Ku-band. We further describe frequency and RCS strength statistics of clutter discretes per unit area to understand system demands on radars operating in urban environments in this band.
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Ann Marie Raynal, Ann Marie Raynal, Douglas L. Bickel, Douglas L. Bickel, Dale F. Dubbert, Dale F. Dubbert, Tobias J. Verge, Tobias J. Verge, Bryan L. Burns, Bryan L. Burns, Ralf Dunkel, Ralf Dunkel, Armin W. Doerry, Armin W. Doerry, } "Radar cross section statistics of cultural clutter at Ku-band", Proc. SPIE 8361, Radar Sensor Technology XVI, 83610Y (8 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.919789; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.919789

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