12 June 2012 Integration of SAR and AIS for ship detection and identification
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Abstract
This abstract describes the preliminary design concept for an integration system of SAR and AIS data. SAR sensors are used to acquire image data over large coverage area either through the space borne or airborne platforms in UTC. AIS reports should also obtained on the same date as of the SAR acquisition for the purpose to perform integration test. Once both data reports are obtained, one need to match the timings of AIS data acquisition over the SAR image acquisition time with consideration of local time and boundary to extract the closest time signal from AIS report in order to know the AIS based ship positions, but still one cannot be able to distinguish which ships have the AIS transponder after projection of AIS based position onto the SAR image acquisition boundary. As far as integration is concerned, the ship dead-reckoning concept is most important forecasted position which provides the AIS based ship position at the time of SAR image acquisition and also provides the hints for azimuth shift which occurred in SAR image for the case of moving ships which moves in the direction perpendicular to the direction of flight path. Unknown ship's DR estimation is to be carried out based on the initial positions, speed and course over ground, which has already been shorted out from AIS reports, during the step of time matching. This DR based ship's position will be the candidate element for searching the SAR based ship targets for the purpose of identification and matching within the certain boundary around DR. The searching method is performed by means of estimation of minimum distance from ship's DR to SAR based ship position, and once it determines, so the candidate element will look for matching like ship size match of DR based ship's dimension wrt SAR based ship's edge, there may be some error during the matching with SAR based ship edges with actual ship's hull design as per the longitudinal and transverse axis size information obtained from the AIS reports due to blurring effect in SAR based ship signatures, once the conditions are satisfied, candidate element will move and shift over the SAR based ship signature target with the minimum displacement and it is known to be the azimuth shift compensation and this overall methodology are known to be integration of AIS report data over the SAR image acquisition boundary with assessment of time matching. The expected result may provide the good accuracy of the SAR and AIS contact position along with dimension and classification of ships over SAR image. There may be possibilities of matching speed and course from candidate element with SAR based ship signature, but still the challenges are presents in front of us that to estimation of speed and course by means of SAR data, if it may be possible so the expected final result may be more accurate as due to extra matching effects and the results may be used for the near real time performance for ship identification with help of integrated system design based on SAR and AIS data reports.
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Chan-Su Yang, Chan-Su Yang, Tae-Ho Kim, Tae-Ho Kim, } "Integration of SAR and AIS for ship detection and identification", Proc. SPIE 8372, Ocean Sensing and Monitoring IV, 83720A (12 June 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.920359; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.920359
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