23 April 2012 Automated detection of semagram-laden images using adaptive neural networks
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Proceedings Volume 8398, Optical Pattern Recognition XXIII; 83980K (2012); doi: 10.1117/12.919403
Event: SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing, 2012, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Abstract
Digital steganography is gaining wide acceptance in the world of electronic copyright stamping. Digital media that are easy to steal, such as graphics, photos and audio files, are being tagged with both visible and invisible copyright stamps (known as digital watermarking). However, these same techniques can also be used to hide communications between actors in criminal or covert activities. An inherent difficulty in detecting steganography is overcoming the variety of methods for hiding a message and the multitude of choices of available media. Another problem in steganography defense is the issue of detection speed since the encoded data is frequently time-sensitive. When a message is visually transmitted in a non-textual format (i.e., in an image) it is referred to as a semagram. Semagrams are relatively easy to create, but very difficult to detect. While steganography can often be identified by detecting digital modifications to an image's structure, an image-based semagram is more difficult because the message is the image itself. The work presented describes the creation of a novel, computer-based application, which uses hybrid hierarchical neural network architecture to detect the likely presence of a semagram message in an image. The prototype system was used to detect semagrams containing Morse Code messages. Based on the results of these experiments our approach provides a significant advance in the detection of complex semagram patterns. Specific results of the experiments and the potential practical applications of the neural network-based technology are discussed. This presentation provides the final results of our research experiments.
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Paul S. Cerkez, James D. Cannady, "Automated detection of semagram-laden images using adaptive neural networks", Proc. SPIE 8398, Optical Pattern Recognition XXIII, 83980K (23 April 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.919403; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.919403
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KEYWORDS
Neural networks

Steganography

Digital watermarking

Visualization

Artificial neural networks

Image processing

Image segmentation

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