8 May 2012 Freedom of choice in tracking an atomic resonance
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Abstract
The International Second (SI) is defined in terms of a resonant frequency of cesium imagined at 0 K, differing from any measurable resonant frequency by an offset calculated from a chosen wave function. As proved in prior work, the choice of wave function cannot be determined by measured data but requires a reach beyond anything measurable or calculable, thereby bringing incalculablility, along with an element of free choice, into the definition and the realization of the second. A clock that realizes the second contains a variable-frequency oscillator controlled by a measurement model running in a computational process, and the chosen wave function is embodied in the measurement model. Embedded in a computational process, the measurement model, with its dependence on the chosen wave function, acts as an active agent, responding to incalculable detections by calculating numbers that adjust the oscillator. Because the choice of realization of a proper clock influences the measured numbers that give evidence of spacetime curvature, the chosen wave function for cesium clocks affects spacetime curvature, inviting exploration of offsets of imagined proper clocks from measurable frequencies in interesting situations, such as stellar interiors.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
John M. Myers, John M. Myers, F. Hadi Madjid, F. Hadi Madjid, } "Freedom of choice in tracking an atomic resonance", Proc. SPIE 8400, Quantum Information and Computation X, 84000P (8 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.918868; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.918868
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