25 April 2012 Influence of high power 405 nm multi-mode and single-mode diode laser light on the long-term stability of fused silica fibers
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Abstract
As the demand for high power fiber-coupled violet laser systems increases existing problems remain. The typical power of commercially available diode lasers around 400 nm is in the order of 100 to 300 mW, depending on the type of laser. But in combination with the small core of single-mode fibers reduced spot sizes are needed for good coupling efficiencies, leading to power densities in the MW/cm2 range. We investigated the influence of 405 nm laser light irradiation on different fused silica fibers and differently treated end-faces. The effect of glued-and-polished, cleaved-and-clamped and of cleaved-and-fusion-arc-treated fiber end-faces on the damage rate and behavior are presented. In addition, effects in the deep ultra-violet were determined spectrally using newest spectrometer technology, allowing the measurement of color centers around 200 nm in small core fibers. Periodic surface structures were found on the proximal end-faces and were investigated concerning generation control parameters and composition. The used fiber types range from low-mode fiber to single-mode and polarization-maintaining fiber. For this investigation 405 nm single-mode or multi-mode diode lasers with 150 mW or 300 mW, respectively, were employed.
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C. P. Gonschior, K.-F. Klein, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, "Influence of high power 405 nm multi-mode and single-mode diode laser light on the long-term stability of fused silica fibers", Proc. SPIE 8426, Microstructured and Specialty Optical Fibres, 84260P (25 April 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.923138; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.923138
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