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11 May 2012 Modeling and measurement of ytterbium fiber laser generation spectrum
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Abstract
A generation spectrum of a fiber laser becomes broader with increasing generation power. The spectra are rather narrow at low power and become comparable with fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) width at high power. It has been shown that the spectral broadening of a fiber laser can be described analytically if the generation spectrum is much narrower than the FBG width. The developed theory has been compared with experiment. Double clad Yb-doped fiber laser of up to 10 W output power is used in the experiment. Scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer with resolution down to 1.2 pm is applied for accurate spectral measurements. At power level less then 1 W a self-sustained pulsation regime accompanied by a narrow-line self-sweeping is observed. At higher power a quasi-CW generation regime with multiple longitudinal modes is established. Investigation of the regime shows linear increase of the generation width with generation power growth. Slope of the dependence has excellent agreement with the theory, but an additive quantity should be added to describe an absolute value that makes significant contribution at low powers. It has been shown that at low powers a spatial hole burning has to be considered. Theoretical model describing the hole burning effect for multimode cw generation is also developed. After inclusion of the hole burning effect the model starts to agree quantitatively with the linewidth measurements both at low and high powers.
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Sergey I. Kablukov, Ekaterina A. Zlobina, Evgeniy V. Podivilov, and Sergey A. Babin "Modeling and measurement of ytterbium fiber laser generation spectrum", Proc. SPIE 8433, Laser Sources and Applications, 843305 (11 May 2012); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.922190
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