10 May 2012 Effect of lens tilt on SCE and filamentation characteristics of femtosecond pulses in air
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Abstract
We present the evolution of SCE associated with filaments due to the tilt of focusing lens under tight focusing geometries. Transform limited femtosecond (fs) pulses (800 nm, 45 fs, 1 kHz repetition rate) were focused in ambient air using three different focusing geometries f/#6, f/#7.5, and f/#12 corresponding to numerical apertures (NA) of 0.08, 0.06, and 0.04, respectively. The focusing lens was tilted from zero up to 20 degrees. The filaments decayed into two shorter parts through tilting of the lens and the separation between shorter filaments increased with increasing lens tilt, in tune with earlier reports [Kamali et al., Opt. Commun. 282, 950-954 (2009)]. The separation between the filaments matched well with the predicted distances due to astigmatism induced in loose focusing geometries. However the deviation increased as we moved to the tighter focusing geometries. The SCE spectrum demonstrated an anomalous behaviour. The SCE spectrum was suppressed at larger tilt angles of 12 - 20°. However at lower tilt angles, up to 8°, the SCE was observed to be same to that measured without any tilt of the focusing lens. This behaviour is predominant with tighter focusing geometries of f/#6 and f/#7.5, wherein the SCE was observed to be higher at 4° and 8° in comparison with that observed at an angle of 0°. Systematic study of the focusing lens tilt on anomalous SCE spectra and filament characteristics in the tight focusing geometry are presented.
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S. Sreeja, S. Sreeja, T. Shuvan Prashant, T. Shuvan Prashant, Ch. Leela, Ch. Leela, V. Rakesh Kumar, V. Rakesh Kumar, Surya P. Tewari, Surya P. Tewari, S. Venugopal Rao, S. Venugopal Rao, P. Prem Kiran, P. Prem Kiran, } "Effect of lens tilt on SCE and filamentation characteristics of femtosecond pulses in air", Proc. SPIE 8434, Nonlinear Optics and Applications VI, 84340T (10 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.921634; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.921634
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