4 May 2012 Two-photon experiments in the frequency domain
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Abstract
We report on the study of two-photon interference in the frequency domain. Bell and Hong-Ou-Mandel experiments are investigated. These experiments involve the manipulation of photons in the frequency domain, using off-the-shelf telecommunication components such as electro-optic phase modulators and narrow-band frequency filters. In the first experiment, photon pairs entangled in frequency are created and separated. Each photon is then directed through an independent electro-optic phase modulator. Variation of the radio-frequency parameters of the modulation gives rise to a well-controlled Bessel-shape two-photon interference pattern in the frequency domain. This is efficiently measured with narrow-band frequency filters and superconducting single photon detectors. Experimental measurements exhibit high visibilities (over 99 percent both for net and raw visibilities) and allow the (theoretically proven) optimal violation of a Bell inequality for our setup (by more than 18 standard deviations). The second experiment is a Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment in the frequency domain. We show that a grating (spatial domain) or a phase modulator (temporal domain) can be seen as a frequency beam splitter. A broadband spectrum of photon pairs is divided into two interleaved frequency combs, each one used as an independent input to this acting beam splitter. A theoretical calculation shows clear photon anti-bunching behavior.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
I. Mbodji, I. Mbodji, L. Olislager, L. Olislager, E. Woodhead, E. Woodhead, B. Galmes, B. Galmes, J. Cussey, J. Cussey, L. Furfaro, L. Furfaro, P. Emplit, P. Emplit, S. Massar, S. Massar, K. Phan Huy, K. Phan Huy, J.-M. Merolla, J.-M. Merolla, } "Two-photon experiments in the frequency domain", Proc. SPIE 8440, Quantum Optics II, 84400J (4 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.923241; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.923241
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