21 September 2012 Statistical analysis of the surface figure of the James Webb Space Telescope
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The performance of an optical system is best characterized by either the point spread function (PSF) or the optical transfer function (OTF). However, for system budgeting purposes, it is convenient to use a single scalar metric, or a combination of a few scalar metrics to track performance. For the James Webb Space Telescope, the Observatory level requirements were expressed in metrics of Strehl Ratio, and Encircled Energy. These in turn were converted to the metrics of total rms WFE and rms WFE within spatial frequency domains. The 18 individual mirror segments for the primary mirror segment assemblies (PMSA), the secondary mirror (SM), tertiary mirror (TM), and Fine Steering Mirror have all been fabricated. They are polished beryllium mirrors with a protected gold reflective coating. The statistical analysis of the resulting Surface Figure Error of these mirrors has been analyzed. The average spatial frequency distribution and the mirror-to-mirror consistency of the spatial frequency distribution are reported. The results provide insight to system budgeting processes for similar optical systems.
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Paul A. Lightsey, Paul A. Lightsey, David Chaney, David Chaney, Benjamin B. Gallagher, Benjamin B. Gallagher, Bob J. Brown, Bob J. Brown, Koby Smith, Koby Smith, John Schwenker, John Schwenker, } "Statistical analysis of the surface figure of the James Webb Space Telescope", Proc. SPIE 8442, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2012: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 84422F (21 September 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.924836; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.924836

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