As part of the image quality (IQ) assessment and improvement initiative being carried out at the 3.6m Canada
France Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, our objective in the work reported here is to obtain
a systematic assay of thermal sources within the dome and in the summit environment around the observatory,
and therefore mitigate their contributions to convective instability leading to 'dome seeing'. Toward this, we
undertook a nighttime overflight to capture thermal images with a calibrated infrared camera of the outer
structures of CFHT and the neighboring observatories on the summit ridge, as well as of a significant area
of the surrounding terrain. The same thermal camera was then used to image heat sources within the dome.
Using a convective heat transfer model, all these measured surface temperatures were converted to heat fluxes,
and thus used to build a thermal assay of the dome. In addition, using button type temperature loggers, we
simultaneously recorded the nighttime dome skin temperatures of CFHT and two other observatories over a
weeklong period to evaluate nighttime supercooling of the dome skin due to radiation to the cold night sky. As a
complementary goal we compared the efficacy of different paints and coatings used in observatories to minimize
this effect. Though similar studies have been carried out at other observatories, the results are rarely available
in published literature. Therefore, here we explain our methodologies, along with a detailed discussion of our
results and inferences to serve as a useful resource to the larger observing community.