17 September 2012 Perspectives of astronomy in Kazakhstan: from new ground-based telescopes to space ones
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Abstract
Astronomical observations in Kazakhstan are carried out for over 60 years. The advantage of the geographical location makes it possible to set and conduct programs of stationary ground-based observations, that from the most observatories of other countries are difficult or impossible. However outdated technical condition of scientific equipment, which include ground-based optical telescopes, poses a direct problem to the development of astronomy in Kazakhstan. In addition, observational data in the other spectral bands from space telescopes are needed. Therefore, in order to create a modern experimental astrophysical base today in Kazakhstan two projects are being put forward in the frame of national space program: 1) a new optical telescope with a primary mirror 3.6 meters (completed in 2016), and 2) participation in the international space project "World Space Observatory -Ultraviolet" that to be launched in 2014.
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Ch. T. Omarov and Zh. Sh. Zhantayev "Perspectives of astronomy in Kazakhstan: from new ground-based telescopes to space ones", Proc. SPIE 8444, Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes IV, 84445U (17 September 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.925105; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.925105
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