12 September 2012 GRAVITY: metrology
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GRAVITY is a second generation VLTI instrument, combining the light of four telescopes and two objects simultaneously. The main goal is to obtain astrometrically accurate information. Besides correctly measured stellar phases this requires the knowledge of the instrumental differential phase, which has to be measured optically during the astronomical observations. This is the purpose of a dedicated metrology system. The GRAVITY metrology covers the full optical path, from the beam combiners up to the reference points in the beam of the primary telescope mirror, minimizing the systematic uncertainties and providing a proper baseline in astrometric terms. Two laser beams with a fixed phase relation travel backward the whole optical chain, creating a fringe pattern in any plane close to a pupil. By temporal encoding the phase information can be extracted at any point by means of flux measurements with photo diodes. The reference points chosen sample the pupil at typical radii, eliminating potential systematics due differential focus. We present the final design and the performance estimate, which is in accordance with the overall requirements for GRAVITY.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Stefan Gillessen, Stefan Gillessen, Magdalena Lippa, Magdalena Lippa, Frank Eisenhauer, Frank Eisenhauer, Oliver Pfuhl, Oliver Pfuhl, Marcus Haug, Marcus Haug, Stefan Kellner, Stefan Kellner, Thomas Ott, Thomas Ott, Ekkehard Wieprecht, Ekkehard Wieprecht, Eckhard Sturm, Eckhard Sturm, Frank Haußmann, Frank Haußmann, Clemens F. Kister, Clemens F. Kister, David Moch, David Moch, Markus Thiel, Markus Thiel, "GRAVITY: metrology", Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 84451O (12 September 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.926813; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.926813

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