24 September 2012 A diamond AGPM coronagraph for VISIR
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Abstract
In recent years, phase mask coronagraphy has become increasingly efficient in imaging the close environment of stars, enabling the search for exoplanets and circumstellar disks. Coronagraphs are ideally suited instruments, characterized by high dynamic range imaging capabilities, while preserving a small inner working angle. The AGPM (Annular Groove Phase Mask, Mawet et al. 20051) consists of a vector vortex induced by a rotationally symmetric subwavelength grating. This technique constitutes an almost unique solution to the achromatization at longer wavelengths (mid-infrared). For this reason, we have specially conceived a mid-infrared AGPM coronagraph for the forthcoming upgrade of VISIR, the mid-IR imager and spectrograph on the VLT at ESO (Paranal), in collaboration with members of the VISIR consortium. The implementation phase of the VISIR Upgrade Project is foreseen for May-August 2012, and the AGPM installed will cover the 11-13.2 μm spectral range. In this paper, we present the entire fabrication process of our AGPM imprinted on a diamond substrate. Diamond is an ideal material for mid-infrared wavelengths owing to its high transparency, small dispersion, extremely low thermal expansion and outstanding mechanical and chemical properties. The design process has been performed with an algorithm based on the rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA), and the micro-fabrication has been carried out using nano-imprint lithography and reactive ion etching. A precise grating profile metrology has also been conducted using cleaving techniques. Finally, we show the deposit of fiducials (i.e. centering marks) with Aerosol Jet Printing (AJP). We conclude with the ultimate coronagraph expected performances.
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C. Delacroix, C. Delacroix, O. Absil, O. Absil, D. Mawet, D. Mawet, C. Hanot, C. Hanot, M. Karlsson, M. Karlsson, P. Forsberg, P. Forsberg, E. Pantin, E. Pantin, J. Surdej, J. Surdej, S. Habraken, S. Habraken, } "A diamond AGPM coronagraph for VISIR", Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84468K (24 September 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.926494; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.926494
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