13 September 2012 Dual-channel multiple natural guide star wavefront sensor for the E-ELT multiconjugate adaptive optics module
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Abstract
Adaptive optics systems based on sodium Laser Guide Stars may exploit Natural Guide Stars to solve intrinsic limitations of artificial beacons, such as tilt indetermination and, in the case of Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics, tilt anisoplanatism. Natural Guide Stars are also required to mitigate the impact of the sodium layer structure and variability: on a 40-meter class telescope, as a consequence of the perspective elongation effect and of the finite Laser Guide Star Wavefront Sensor field of view, spurious wavefront aberrations are generated. The sodium layer may also have transverse structures leading to significant differential effects among Laser Guide Stars. All these issues show up in MAORY, a concept of a Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics module for the European Extremely Large Telescope. Starting from the analysis of the input perturbations to be measured, we derive preliminary requirements for the Natural Guide Star Wavefront Sensor and describe its conceptual design. The Wavefront Sensor uses three natural stars; each wavefront sensor probe consists of a fast tip-tilt and focus channel and a slow channel for monitoring the aberrations induced by the sodium layer. The dual-channel design allows the efficient exploitation of the few natural stars typically available in the field of view, while providing a way to monitor the potential anisoplanatism due to the differential sodium effects among the LGSs.
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Emiliano Diolaiti, Laura Schreiber, Italo Foppiani, Matteo Lombini, "Dual-channel multiple natural guide star wavefront sensor for the E-ELT multiconjugate adaptive optics module", Proc. SPIE 8447, Adaptive Optics Systems III, 84471K (13 September 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.927091; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.927091
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