5 October 2012 Multichroic dual-polarization bolometric detectors for studies of the cosmic microwave background
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Abstract
We are developing multi-chroic antenna-coupled TES detectors for CMB polarimetry. Multi-chroic detectors in- crease the mapping speed per focal plane area and provide greater discrimination of polarized galactic foregrounds with no increase in weight or cryogenic cost. In each pixel, a silicon lens-coupled dual polarized sinuous antenna collects light over a two-octave frequency band. The antenna couples the broadband millimeter wave signal into microstrip transmission lines, and on-chip filter banks split the broadband signal into several frequency bands. Separate TES bolometers detect the power in each frequency band and linear polarization. We will describe the design and performance of these devices and present optical data taken with prototype pixels. Our measurements show beams with percent level ellipticity, percent level cross-polarization leakage, and partitioned bands using banks of 2, 3, and 7 filters. We will also describe the development of broadband anti-reflection coatings for the high dielectric constant lens. The broadband anti-reflection coating has approximately 100% bandwidth and no detectable loss at cryogenic temperature. Finally, we will describe an upgrade for the Polarbear CMB experiment and installation for the LiteBIRD CMB satellite experiment both of which have focal planes with kilo-pixel of these detectors to achieve unprecedented mapping speed.
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Aritoki Suzuki, Kam Arnold, Jennifer Edwards, Greg Engargiola, Adnan Ghribi, William Holzapfel, Adrian T. Lee, Xiao Fan Meng, Michael J. Myers, Roger O'Brient, Erin Quealy, Gabriel Rebeiz, Paul Richards, Darin Rosen, Praween Siritanasak, "Multichroic dual-polarization bolometric detectors for studies of the cosmic microwave background", Proc. SPIE 8452, Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VI, 84523H (5 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.924869; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.924869
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