9 October 2012 Spectral tunability of plasmonic scattering by silver nanodiscs near a reflector
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Abstract
The scattering properties of a plasmonic array can be reinforced by placing the array near a planar reflector. Finite- Difference-Time-Domain (FDTD) simulations have been used to demonstrate the key design challenge of modulating the electric field that drives the plasmonic scattering, by varying the distance of a single Ag nanodisc from a Ag reflector. We show that the thickness of the dielectric separation layer plays a critical role in determining the spectral characteristics and the intensity of the power scattered by a Ag nanodisc near a reflector. A possible application of the designed structure as a plasmonic light-trap for thin Si solar cells is also experimentally demonstrated. Electron-beam lithography has been used to fabricate a pseudo-random array of 150nm plasmonic Ag nanodiscs on SiO2 on a Ag reflector substrate. The plasmonic reflector shows a high diffuse reflectance of ~54% in the near-infrared, near-bandgap 600-900nm wavelength region for thin Si solar cells, with a low broadband absorption loss of ~18%. Wavelength-angle resolved scattering measurements indicate an angular scattering range between 20° to 80° with maximum intensity of the scattered power in the 20° to 60° angular range.
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R. S. A. Sesuraj, R. S. A. Sesuraj, T. L. Temple, T. L. Temple, D. M. Bagnall, D. M. Bagnall, } "Spectral tunability of plasmonic scattering by silver nanodiscs near a reflector", Proc. SPIE 8457, Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties X, 845721 (9 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.956502; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.956502
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