As a result of reduced Auger recombination, in combination with essentially complete suppression of energy-transfer in thick-shell NCs films, we recently fabricated bright, monochrome LEDs based on these nanostructures. Our results indicate that the luminance and efficiency can be improved dramatically by increasing the shell thickness without detrimental effects of increased turn-on voltage.3 Detailed structural and spectroscopic studies reveal a crucial role of interfaces on the Auger recombination process ion these heterostructures. Specifically, we observe a sharp transition to Auger-recombination-free behavior for shell thickness ~1.8-2.5 nm, accompanied by the development of an intense phonon mode characteristic of a CdSeS alloy.4 These results suggest that the likely reason for suppressed Auger recombination in these nanostructures is the “smoothing out” of the otherwise sharp confinement potential due to formation of a graded interfacial CdSeS layer between the CdSe core and the CdS shell, as was recently proposed by theoretical calculations by Cragg and Efros.5
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