15 October 2012 Low-index cladded wire grating as broadband polarizing beam splitter
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Abstract
A sandwich structure including subwavelength grating and low-index thin film as a broadband polarizing beam splitter (BPBS) is demonstrated. The BPBS is studied by using the rigorous coupled-wave analysis (RCWA) numerical scheme. The low-index thin-film with optimum thickness forms between the silicon substrate and the subwavelength grating. While the thickness of low-index thin film is larger than 0.6 m, the reflectivity of TE wave is larger than 0.95 in the wavelength region [1.29 m, 1.66 m] under the normal incidence. In this region, the reflectivity of TM wave is low. Meanwhile, it is also found that while the thickness of low-index thin film rise to 0.9 m, the extinction ratio of TM polarization is less than 0.047 in the wavelength region [1.35 m, 1.48 m]. Therefore, the designed sandwich structure consisted of subwavelength grating, low-index thin film and silicon substrate can be used as broadband polarizing beam splitter.
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Jyh Rou Sze, Jyh Rou Sze, An Chi Wei, An Chi Wei, "Low-index cladded wire grating as broadband polarizing beam splitter", Proc. SPIE 8463, Nanoengineering: Fabrication, Properties, Optics, and Devices IX, 84631A (15 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.928401; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.928401
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