Professional associations can play an important role in the optics and photonics education landscape, enhancing the work done at traditional institutions like colleges and universities. In what way can they best contribute? Should they
concentrate on school-children, on working scientists/engineers, or on undergraduate and graduate students? How does one measure the success of their programs? We will present an overview of some programs available, with an eye on their place in the continuum of optics and photonics education and training; we will place a particular emphasis on the need to measure the impact and outcomes of these learning tools, and will drill down on SPIE's case.