This study proposes an innovative optical mechanism with a miniature motorized circular wheel for polarization optics
for an ultra-broadband polarization state generator. The proposed apparatus can be suitable for a polarimetric
microspectrophotometer for measurements of micro optics and metamaterials with circular dichroism and linear
dichroism. Different types of micro optics have their own wavelength dependence, meaning different curves in the
broadband range of light. This study presents an ultra-broadband platform for measuring and identifying micro optics
such as chiral metamaterials, plasmonics, micro polarizers, and patterned retarders. The key component of a polarimetric
microspectrophotometer is a polarization state generator (PSG). A simple PSG consists of a polarizer and a waveplate.
An arbitrary polarization state can be created by rotating either the polarizer or the waveplate. Sheet polarizers and
achromatic waveplates have a limited bandwidth range. For the ultra-broadband measurement range of 400 nm to 1700
nm, the PSG needs at least three sheet polarizers and three achromatic waveplates: 400 nm-700 nm, 700 nm-1000 nm,
and 1000 nm-1700 nm. This optical mechanism, which consists of only one control motor and two high precision
unidirectional bearings, includes several polarizers and waveplates arranged in a matrix on a circular wheel. This
apparatus can shift one of the polarizers and waveplates to a predetermined position and rotate all the polarizers to
change the polarization status. An ultra-broadband polarimetric microspectrophotometer with a compact motorized
wheel is an advanced polarization optical instrument for research on chiral metamaterials, plasmonics, micro polarization
optics, green optics, and bio optics.