17 October 2012 A quantum network with atoms and photons (QNET-AP)
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Abstract
Enabling secure communication, unparalleled computing capabilities, and fundamental nonlocality physics exploration, the development of quantum repeaters is the key quantum information processing technology advance needed for implementing real world quantum networks beyond the laboratory environment. Currently, components exist for intra-laboratory quantum networks but no system exists for connecting distant ( 1 km ) quantum memories in the real world. We present a physics analysis of quantum repeater network designs for intracity optical fiber connections between nodes based on atomic memories and linear optics. Long distances will necessitate the use of (1) two-photon Hong-Ou-Mandel style interference between atomic ensembles for entanglement swapping, and (2) photonic qubit wavelength conversion between atomic emissions and photons at telecommunication wavelengths in fiber. We report on our experimental progress towards implementing A Quantum Network with Atoms and Photons (QNET-AP), a quantum repeater network test-bed, between the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland (UMD).
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Ronald E. Meyers, Patricia Lee, Keith S. Deacon, Arnold Tunick, Qudsia Quraishi, Daniel Stack, "A quantum network with atoms and photons (QNET-AP)", Proc. SPIE 8518, Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging X, 85180G (17 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.974144; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.974144
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