21 November 2012 Mapping Sargassum beds off, ChonBuri Province, Thailand, using ALOS AVNI2 image
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Sargassum species grow on rocks and dead corals and form dense seaweed beds. Sargassum beds play ecological roles such as CO2 uptake and O2 production through photosynthesis, spawning and nursery grounds of fish, feeding ground for sea urchins and abalones, and substrates for attached animals and plants on leaves and holdfasts. However, increasing human impacts and climate change decrease or degrade Sargassum beds in ASEAN countries. It is necessary to grasp present spatial distributions of this habitat. Thailand, especially its coastal zone along the Gulf of Thailand, is facing degradation of Sargassum beds due to increase in industries and population. JAXA launched non-commercial satellite, ALOS, providing multiband images with ultra-high spatial resolution optical sensors (10 m), AVNIR2. Unfortunately, ALOS has terminated its mission in April 2011. However, JAXA has archived ALOS AVNIR2 images over the world. They are still useful for mapping coastal ecosystems. We examined capability of remote sensing with ALOS AVNIR2 to map Sargassum beds in waters off Sattahip protected area as a natural park in Chon Buri Province, Thailand, threatened by degradation of water quality due to above-mentioned impacts. Ground truth data were obtained in February 2012 by using continual pictures taken by manta tow. Supervised classification could detect Sargassum beds off Sattahip at about 70% user accuracy. It is estimated that error is caused by mixel effect of bottom substrates in a pixel with 10 x 10 m. Our results indicate that ALOS AVNIR2 images are useful for mapping Sargassum beds in Southeast Asia.
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Thidarat Noiraksar, Thidarat Noiraksar, Teruhisa Komatsu, Teruhisa Komatsu, Shuhei Sawayama, Shuhei Sawayama, Sophany Phauk, Sophany Phauk, Ken-ichi Hayashizaki, Ken-ichi Hayashizaki, } "Mapping Sargassum beds off, ChonBuri Province, Thailand, using ALOS AVNI2 image", Proc. SPIE 8524, Land Surface Remote Sensing, 85241F (21 November 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.979704; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.979704

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