19 November 2012 Development of polarization optical particle counter to detect particle shape information
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Abstract
Polarization optical particle counter (POPC) capable of measuring particle shape or sphericity was developed, which uses detection of polarization of light scattered by particles. Sensors that detected P and S polarization components are incorporated at scattering angle of 120˚ in addition to ordinary sensor located at the angle of 60˚. The particle size is derived from the pulse height detected with the ordinary sensor. The size thresholds were determined by measurements of PSL standard particles. Polarization of particle is calculated as the ratio of S polarization component to the sum of all components. The POPC field observations were started in Fukuoka, Japan on 15 March 2012 and in Matsue, Japan on 28 February 2012. Air pollution with high particle number concentration was observed in Fukuoka on 11 April. In that time, the particles with polarization lower than 0.3 constituted 90% of particles in the size range from 0.5 µm to 3 µm and 70-90% of those from 3 µm to 5 µm. Most of the atmospheric aerosol particles were consisted of spherical particles. Significant Asian dust transport was observed in Fukuoka on from 31 March to 1 April. The particles with polarization lower than 0.3 constituted 80% of those from 0.5 µm to 1 µm, 55-65% of those from 1 µm to 5µm. The increase of the ratio of non-spherical particles to all particles in Asian dust event was confirmed. The POPC thus is capable of measuring particle shape as well as size for each individual particle.
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Hiroshi Kobayashi, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Masahiko Hayashi, Masahiko Hayashi, Yoshinobu Nakura, Yoshinobu Nakura, Takayuki Enomoto, Takayuki Enomoto, Kazuhiko Miura, Kazuhiko Miura, Hiroshi Takahashi, Hiroshi Takahashi, Yasuhito Igarashi, Yasuhito Igarashi, Hiroaki Naoe, Hiroaki Naoe, Tomoaki Nishizawa, Tomoaki Nishizawa, Nobuo Sugimoto, Nobuo Sugimoto, Naoki Kaneyasu, Naoki Kaneyasu, } "Development of polarization optical particle counter to detect particle shape information", Proc. SPIE 8526, Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring XIII, 852609 (19 November 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.979634; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.979634
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