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19 November 2012 Semi-automatic people counting in aerial images of large crowds
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Counting people in crowds is a common problem in visual surveillance. Many solutions are just designed to count less than one hundred people. Only few systems have been tested on large crowds of several hundred people and no known counting system has been tested on crowds of several thousand people. Furthermore, none of these large scale systems delivers people's positions, they just estimate the number. But having the position of people would be a large benefit, since this would enable a human observer to carry out a plausibility check. In addition, most approaches require video data as input or a scene model. In order to generally solve the problem, these assumptions must not be made. We propose a system that can count people on single aerial images including mosaic images generated from video data. No assumptions about crowd density will be made, i. e. the system has to work from low to very high density. The main challenge is the large variety of possible input data. Typical scenarios would be public events such as demonstrations or open air concerts. Our system uses a model-based detection of individual humans. This includes the determination of their positions and the total number. In order to cope with the given challenges we divide our system into three steps: foreground segmentation, person size determination and person detection. We evaluate our proposed system on a variety of aerial images showing large crowds with up to several thousand people
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Christian Herrmann, Juergen Metzler, and Dieter Willersinn "Semi-automatic people counting in aerial images of large crowds", Proc. SPIE 8542, Electro-Optical Remote Sensing, Photonic Technologies, and Applications VI, 85420Q (19 November 2012);

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