19 November 2012 Integrated luminescent chemical microsensors based on GaN LEDs for security applications using smartphones
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Development of PCB-integrateable microsensors for monitoring chemical species is a goal in areas such as lab-on-a-chip analytical devices, diagnostics medicine and electronics for hand-held instruments where the device size is a major issue. Cellular phones have pervaded the world inhabitants and their usefulness has dramatically increased with the introduction of smartphones due to a combination of amazing processing power in a confined space, geolocalization and manifold telecommunication features. Therefore, a number of physical and chemical sensors that add value to the terminal for health monitoring, personal safety (at home, at work) and, eventually, national security have started to be developed, capitalizing also on the huge number of circulating cell phones. The chemical sensor-enabled “super” smartphone provides a unique (bio)sensing platform for monitoring airborne or waterborne hazardous chemicals or microorganisms for both single user and crowdsourcing security applications. Some of the latest ones are illustrated by a few examples. Moreover, we have recently achieved for the first time (covalent) functionalization of p- and n-GaN semiconductor surfaces with tuneable luminescent indicator dyes of the Ru-polypyridyl family, as a key step in the development of innovative microsensors for smartphone applications. Chemical “sensoring” of GaN-based blue LED chips with those indicators has also been achieved by plasma treatment of their surface, and the micrometer-sized devices have been tested to monitor O2 in the gas phase to show their full functionality. Novel strategies to enhance the sensor sensitivity such as changing the length and nature of the siloxane buffer layer are discussed in this paper.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Guillermo Orellana, Guillermo Orellana, Elias Muñoz, Elias Muñoz, Luz K. Gil-Herrera, Luz K. Gil-Herrera, Pablo Muñoz, Pablo Muñoz, Juan Lopez-Gejo, Juan Lopez-Gejo, Carlos Palacio, Carlos Palacio, "Integrated luminescent chemical microsensors based on GaN LEDs for security applications using smartphones", Proc. SPIE 8545, Optical Materials and Biomaterials in Security and Defence Systems Technology IX, 85450J (19 November 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.975312; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.975312


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