Single photons are essential resource for quantum communication and quantum information processing, which can carry
quantum information to distant locations. A promising scheme for single photon generation is the heralded single photon
source (HSPS), which is based on the generation of correlated photon pairs (CPPs). Utilizing the quantum correlation
property of the CPPs, one photon of the CPP is detected providing an electrical signal to herald the other photon as a
single photon output. Recently, 1.5 μm CPP generation through spontaneously four wave-mixing (SFWM) in fiber has
focused much attention, which provides a practical way to realize 1.5 μm fiber-based HSPS. The quality of a HSPS is
described by the preparation efficiency and g(2)(0). In the fiber-based HSPS, the preparation efficiency is determined by
the loss of the filtering and splitting system and the noise photons generated by spontaneously Raman scattering (SpRS).
Considering the impact of the SpRS can be reduced by cooling the fiber and optimizing the frequency detuning of
filtering and splitting system, the loss of the filtering and splitting system may give a theoretical up-limit of the
preparation efficiency. In this paper, using commercial fiber components, we realize a high quality HSPS based on
cooled fiber with a preparation efficiency of 80% under a g(2)(0) of0.06, showing its great potential in the application of
quantum information technology.