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30 November 2012 Distributed feedback fiber laser strain sensor with high sensitivity in a wide frequency range
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A compact high-sensitivity distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser strain sensor with length of only 56 mm is investigated. The intrinsic performances including optical efficiency and acoustic sensing characteristics of bare DFB fiber laser are tested before packaging. Then polyurethane cylinder and spindle structures are applied for fiber laser packaging. By use of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer and a standard optical phase demodulator, the frequency response of DFB fiber laser before and after packaging is tested in a vibration liquid sound field and compared to standard PZT hydrophone. The experimental results show that the prestress on bare fiber laser affects the frequency response rather than strain sensitivity; the frequency sensitivity of spindle structure packaged DFB fiber laser hydrophone is about 113dB•re•Hz•Pa-1 at 1 kHz, which is 55 dB higher than bare fiber laser under the same prestress. It is remarkable that in a quite wide frequency range from 10 Hz to 10 kHz, it has a more flat frequency response with about ±8 dB fluctuation than that of cylinder structure packaged DFB FL.
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Xiaolei Zhang, Gangding Peng, Chang Wang, Zhihui Sun, Jiasheng Ni, and Yingying Wang "Distributed feedback fiber laser strain sensor with high sensitivity in a wide frequency range", Proc. SPIE 8561, Advanced Sensor Systems and Applications V, 85611I (30 November 2012);

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