It has been proposed a spectral model to evaluate the biochemical differences between prostate carcinoma and benign fragments using dispersive Raman spectroscopy. We have examined 51 prostate fragments from surgically removed PrCa; each fragment was snap-frozen and stored (-80°C) prior spectral analysis. Raman spectrum was measured using a Raman spectrometer (830 nm excitation) coupled to a fiber-optic probe. Integration time and laser power were set to 50 s and 300 mW, respectively. It has been collected triplicate spectra from each fragment (total 153 spectra). Some samples exhibited a strong fluorescence, which was removed by a 7th order polynomial fitting. It has been developed a spectral model based on the least-squares fitting of the spectra of pure biochemicals (actin, collagen, elastin, carotene, glycogen, phosphatidylcholine, hemoglobin, and water) with the spectra of tissues, where the fitting parameters are the relative contribution of the compounds to the tissue spectrum. The spectra (600-1800 cm-1 range) are dominated by bands of proteins; it has been found a small difference in the mean spectra of PrCa compared to the benign tissue, mainly in the 1000-1400 cm-1 region, indicating similar biochemical constitution. The spectral fitting model revealed that elastin and phosphatidylcholine were increased in PrCa, whereas blood and water were reduced in malignant lesions (p < 0.05). A discrimination of PrCa from benign tissue using Mahalanobis distance applied to the contribution of elastin, hemoglobin and phosphatidylcholine resulted in sensitivity of 72% and specificity of 70%.