8 March 2013 Blood flow velocity measurement by endovascular Doppler optical coherence tomography
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Abstract
Blood flow velocity and volumetric flow measurements are important parameters for assessment of the severity of stenosis and the outcome of interventional therapy. However, feasibility of intravascular flow measurement using a rotational catheter based phase resolved Doppler optical coherence tomography (DOCT) is difficult. Motion artefacts induced by the rotating optical imaging catheter, and the radially dependent noise background of measured Doppler signals are the main challenges encountered. In this study, a custom-made data acquisition system and developed algorithms to remove non-uniform rotational distortion (NURD) induced phase shift artefact by tracking the phase shift observed on catheter sheath. The flow velocity is calculated from Doppler shift obtained by Kasai autocorrelation after motion artefact removal. Blood flow velocity profiles in porcine carotid arteries in vivo were obtained at 100 frames/s with 500 A-lines/frame and DOCT images were taken at 20 frames/s with 2500 A-lines/frame. Time-varying velocity profiles were obtained at an artery branch. Furthermore, the identification of a vein adjacent to the catheterized vessel based on the color Doppler signal was also observed. The absolute measurement of intravascular flow using a rotating fiber catheter can provide insights to different stages of interventional treatment of stenosis in carotid artery.
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Cuiru Sun, Felix Nolte, Barry Vuong, Kyle H. Y. Cheng, Kenneth K. C. Lee, Beau A. Standish, Brian Courtney, Tom R. Marotta, Victor X. D. Yang, "Blood flow velocity measurement by endovascular Doppler optical coherence tomography", Proc. SPIE 8565, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics IX, 85654S (8 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2019244; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2019244
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