13 March 2013 Needle endomicroscope with a plastic, achromatic objective to perform optical biopsies of breast tissue
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Proceedings Volume 8575, Endoscopic Microscopy VIII; 857505 (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2005219
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2013, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
In order to diagnose cancer in breast tissue, a sample must be removed, prepared, and examined under a microscope. To provide an alternative to conventional biopsies, an endomicroscope intended to perform optical biopsies is demonstrated. The system provides high resolution, high contrast images in real-time which could allow a diagnosis to be made during surgery without the need for tissue removal. Optical sectioning is achieved via structured illumination to reject out of focus light. An image is relayed between the sample plane and the imaging system by a coherent fiber bundle with an achromatized objective lens at the distal tip of the fiber bundle which is the diameter of a biopsy needle. The custom, plastic objective provides correction for both the excitation and emission wavelengths of proflavine (452 nm and 515 nm, respectively). It also magnifies the object onto the distal tip of the fiber bundle to increase lateral resolution. The lenses are composed of the optical plastics Zeonex E48R, PMMA, and polystyrene. The lenses are fabricated via single point diamond turning and assembled using a zero alignment technique. The lateral resolution and chromatic focal shift were measured and in vitro images of breast carcinoma cells stained with proflavine were captured. The optical biopsy system is able to achieve optical sectioning and to resolve smaller features than the current high resolution microendoscope.
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Matthew Kyrish, Matthew Kyrish, Jessica Dobbs, Jessica Dobbs, Rebecca Richards-Kortum, Rebecca Richards-Kortum, Tomasz Tkaczyk, Tomasz Tkaczyk, } "Needle endomicroscope with a plastic, achromatic objective to perform optical biopsies of breast tissue", Proc. SPIE 8575, Endoscopic Microscopy VIII, 857505 (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2005219; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2005219
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