13 March 2013 Label free multiphoton imaging of human pulmonary tissues through two-meter-long microstructured fiber and multicore image-guide
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Proceedings Volume 8575, Endoscopic Microscopy VIII; 85750H (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2003118
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2013, San Francisco, California, United States
This work deals with label free multiphoton imaging of the human lung tissue extra-cellular matrix (ECM) through optical fibers. Two devices were developed, the first one using distal scanning associated to a double clad large mode area (LMA) air-silica microstructured fiber, the second one using proximal scanning of a miniature multicore image guide (30000 cores inside a 0.8 mm diameter). In both cases, the main issue has been efficient linear and nonlinear distortion pre-compensation of excitation pulses. By inserting before the delivery fiber a compact (10 cm × 10 cm footprint) grisms-based stretcher (a grating in close contact with a prism) made of readily available commercial components, we achieved as short as 35-femtosecond-duration pulses that were temporally compressed at the direct exit of a 2-meter-long fiber. Interestingly, this femtosecond pulse fiber delivery device is also wavelength tunable over more than 100 nm inside the Ti: Sapphire emission band. With the help of distal scan system, those unique features allowed us to record elastin (through two-photon fluorescence) and collagen (through second harmonic generation) fibered network images. These images were obtained ex-vivo with only 15 mW @ 80 MHz of IR radiation delivered to the alveoli or bronchus tissues. 3D imaging with 400-μm-penetration depth inside the tissue was possible working with a 2-meter-long LMA fiber. With the help of proximal scanning, the miniature image guide allowed us to perform endoscopic real time microimaging of the ECM ex vivo.
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G. Ducourthial, G. Ducourthial, C. Lefort, C. Lefort, D. A. Peyrot, D. A. Peyrot, T. Mansuryan, T. Mansuryan, S. G. Kruglik, S. G. Kruglik, C. Vever-Bizet, C. Vever-Bizet, L. Thiberville, L. Thiberville, F. Lacombe, F. Lacombe, Geneviève Bourg-Heckly, Geneviève Bourg-Heckly, Frédéric Louradour, Frédéric Louradour, "Label free multiphoton imaging of human pulmonary tissues through two-meter-long microstructured fiber and multicore image-guide", Proc. SPIE 8575, Endoscopic Microscopy VIII, 85750H (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2003118; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2003118

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